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School of Architecture + Planning


Photo: Caroline Scruggs

Caroline Scruggs

  • Assistant Professor, Natural Resources and Environmental Planning

/ 505.277.2283


Education

  • PhD, Interdisciplinary Environment & Resources, Stanford University
  • MS, Environmental Engineering, Virginia Tech

Research

  • Chemicals and Society
  • Water Scarcity and Security
  • US Chemicals Policy and Potable Water Reuse
  • Public Communication, Education, and Outreach

I’m an Assistant Professor of Community and Regional Planning (CRP) in the University of New Mexico’s School of Architecture and Planning (SA+P). My research and teaching primarily fall within CRP’s Environmental Planning concentration, and I’m also affiliated with the Water Resources Program, the Center for Water & the Environment, Geography & Environmental Studies, and Sustainability Studies at UNM.

I earned BS and MS degrees in Environmental Engineering from Virginia Tech and an interdisciplinary PhD in Environment and Resources from Stanford University. Through previous work in the private sector, I have extensive experience with water and wastewater treatment and water reuse projects. Further academic experiences and work with groups such as the Swedish Chemicals Agency, the International Chemical Secretariat (a nonprofit), and the United Nations Environment Program provided me with a deeper understanding of the social, business, economic, and policy aspects of environmental problems and potential solutions. In line with the SA+P’s aim, I strive to engage local issues that have global significance, conducting rigorous interdisciplinary research that can inform policies to advance ecosystem and public health. I use an interdisciplinary approach to research and teaching that employs mixed methods to investigate environmental problems from multiple angles, and often involves partnerships from across the UNM campus and the community.

My interdisciplinary doctoral research on chemicals management and policy was supported by an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) STAR fellowship, a Udall Foundation doctoral fellowship, and multiple Stanford University fellowships. Current funding sources for my research are the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute (NMWRRI). My research has been published in numerous peer-reviewed outlets, such as Environmental Science and Policy, the Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, the  Journal of Cleaner Production, and the Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management.

 

 


CRP 425/525 - Water & Energy in NM: Conversations on Our Common Future

CRP 470/570 - Environmental Policy: Issues, Stakeholders, and Politics 

CRP 470/570 - Planning Healthy and Sustainable Communities 

CRP 470 - Stakeholders in Environmental Policy 

CRP 511 - Analytical Methods for Planners 


Published Peer-Reviewed Articles

(*designates student co-authors)

"The Costs of Direct and Indirect Potable Water Reuse in a Medium-sized Arid Inland Community," Journal of Water Process Engineering, (2017) volume and issue details forthcoming, *J.G. Herman, C.E. Scruggs, and B.M. Thomson.

"Opportunities and Challenges for Direct Potable Water Reuse in Arid Inland Communities," Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, (2017) volume and issue details forthcoming, C.E. Scruggs and B.M. Thomson.

"Improving Information Flow on Chemicals in Electronic Products and E-waste to Minimize Negative Consequences for Health and the Environment, Resources, Conservation, and Recycling," (2016) 113:149-164, DOI: 10.1016/j.resconrec.2016.06.009, C.E. Scruggs, N. Nimpuno, and *R.B.B. Moore.

"Challenges and Opportunities in Stimulating Public Awareness and Engagement on US Chemicals Policy," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, (2016) 6(3): 569-579, DOI: 10.1007/s13412-016-0387-4, C.E. Scruggs and *R.B.B. Moore.

"Five Ways to Support Interdisciplinary Work Before Tenure," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, (2015) 6(2): 260-267, DOI: 10.1007/s13412-015-0326-9, M.H. Benson, C.D. Lippitt, R. Morrison, B. Cosens, J. Boll, B.C. Chaffin, A.K. Fremier, R. Heinse, D. Kauneckis, T.E. Link, C.E. Scruggs, M. Stone, V. Valentin.

"Effect of Company Size on Potential for REACH Compliance and Selection of Safer Chemicals," Environmental Science and Policy, (2015) 45: 79-91, DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2014.10.001, C.E. Scruggs, L. Ortolano, M.P. Wilson, M.R. Schwarzman.

"Why Leading Consumer Product Companies Develop Proactive Chemical Management Strategies," Business & Society, (2016; published online first in 2014) 55: 635-675, DOI: 10.1177/0007650314536393, C.E. Scruggs and H. Van Buren.

"The Role of Chemical Policy in Improving Supply Chain Knowledge and Product Safety," Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, (2014) 4:132-141, C.E. Scruggs, L. Ortolano, M.R. Schwarzman, M.P. Wilson.

"Reducing Hazardous Chemicals in Consumer Products: Proactive Company Strategies," Journal of Cleaner Production, 44 (2013) 105-114, C.E. Scruggs.

"Creating Safer Consumer Products: The Information Challenges Companies Face," Environmental Science and Policy, 14 (2011) 605-614, C.E. Scruggs and L. Ortolano.

"EDCs in Wastewater: What’s the Next Step?" Water Environment & Technology, March 2005, C.E. Scruggs, G.L. Hunter, E.M. Snyder, B. Long, and S. Snyder.

"Not-So-Simple Disinfection Strategies," Water Environment & Technology, December 2004, C.L. Wallis-Lage, C.E. Scruggs, G.L. Hunter, and R. Huber.

"Biological Phosphorus Removal," Water Environment & Technology, February 2003, J.L. Barnard and C.E. Scruggs.

"Evaluation of Filamentous Microorganism Growth Factors in an Industrial Wastewater Activated Sludge System," Water Science and Technology, April 1998, C.E. Scruggs and C.W. Randall.

Recent Conference Proceedings

Survey Design on Potable Water Reuse: Lessons Learned from Focus Groups in Albuquerque, New Mexico, Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) Annual Conference, October 2017, C.E. Scruggs and *L. Distler. (upcoming)

Potable Water Reuse in Arid Inland Communities: Understanding the Social, Technical, and Economic Opportunities and Constraints, Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) Annual Conference, November 2016, C.E. Scruggs, *J.G. Herman, *C. Pratesi, *L. Distler, and J. Fleck.

Published Professional Reports and Articles

"The Cost of Direct and Indirect Potable Water Reuse in a Medium-Sized Arid Inland Community," Technical Completion Report for the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI), April 2017, *J.G. Herman and C.E. Scruggs.

"Measuring the Impact of Cost Increases on Consumer Acceptance of Potable Water Reuse in the Albuquerque Area," Technical Completion Report for the New Mexico Water Resources Research Institute (WRRI), December 2016, *J.G. Herman and C.E. Scruggs.

"Information on Chemicals in Electronic Products: A study of needs, gaps, obstacles, and solutions to provide and access information on chemicals in electronic products," Report for the United Nations Environment Program’s (UNEP) Strategic Approach on International Chemicals Management (SAICM), August 2011, N. Nimpuno and C.E. Scruggs.

"Protecting Consumers and the Environment: A Comparison of Approaches to Developing Restricted Substance Lists by Makers of ‘Stuff We All Use,’" Report for the International Chemical Secretariat (ChemSec, an international NGO), May 2009, C.E. Scruggs.

"Effects of Wastewater Treatment on Microconstituents and Endocrine Disrupting Compounds," Technical Practice Update for the Water Environment Federation, June 2007, C.E. Scruggs.

"EDCs in Wastewater: What’s Next?" Water & Waste Treatment, January 2005, C.E. Scruggs and F. Rogalla.


Various research projects related to potable water reuse and chemicals in society.

Appointed Member of Bernalillo Co. Water Protection Advisory Board, 2012-15,  reappointed for 2015-18 term.

Organizer of Public Lecture Series on Water & Energy in NM (as part of a UNM course), 2013-17.

Frequent reviewer for journal article manuscripts and grant applications.

Creator, Organizer, and Facilitator of roundtable discussion for the 2017 Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences Conference: Environment, Wellness, & Community at University of Arizona entitled “Rethinking US Chemicals Policy to Account for Potable Water Reuse”.

Chair of a research presentation panel for the 2017 Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences Conference: Environment, Wellness,

Community at University of Arizona entitled “Influences and Strategies Affecting Public Perception of Water Scarcity: New Research to Promote Informed Decision Making for Natural Resource Sustainability”.

Chama Peak Land Alliance’s “Beyond the Mirage: The Future of Water in the West” film screening event, Invited panel speaker to discuss potable water reuse and desalination and their potential use in New Mexico, October 8, 2016, C.E. Scruggs.

US Toxic Substances Control Act reform events with Senator Tom Udall to highlight the importance of federal TSCA reform to community health and the environment, May 31 and June 3, 2016, C.E. Scruggs.

Co-chair of a research presentation panel for the 2015 Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences Conference: Confronting Frontiers, Borders, and Boundaries at UC San Diego entitled “Multi-disciplinary Approaches to Mitigating Environmental Health Challenges”.

Creator, Organizer, and Facilitator of roundtable discussion for the 2015 Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences Conference: Confronting Frontiers, Borders, and Boundaries at UC San Diego entitled “Frontiers in Scholarship: What Defines “Excellence” in an Interdisciplinary Academic Career?”

Co-organizer of a 5-speaker panel for 2014 NM American Planning Association Annual Conference in Albuquerque, NM (with Petra Morris), entitled “Bike Share: A Catalyst for Community Action and Engaged Learning”.

Creator, Organizer, and Moderator of 3-part, 10-speaker panel series for 2014 Association of Environmental Studies and Sciences conference at Pace University in New York City, entitled “Synthetic Chemicals and Society: Research and Perspectives on Ethics, Environmental Health, Governance, and Education”.

Bikeshare Mobility: Exploring Cultural and Financial Viability in Albuquerque, Invited presentation to the Albuquerque-Bernalillo County Air Quality Control Board, January 2014, C.E. Scruggs, A. Hooper, R. Holland, M. Wingard.

Creator, Organizer, and Moderator of Panel for the 2005 Water Environment Federation conference in Washington, D.C., entitled “Surface Water Quality and Ecology: EDCs in Wastewater: Implications for the Water Quality Industry”.


Coverage in the UNM Center for Water and the Environment News about Research Assistant Lauren Distler’s 1st Place in Social Science at a national STEM conference, April 2017.

Coverage in New Mexico Water eNews of Research Assistant Jason Herman’s research, article entitled “UNM Grad Student Reports on Albuquerque Residents’ Willingness to Accept Costs Associated with Potable Water Reuse”, December 2016.

Coverage of my chemical-related policy public scholarship in John Fleck’s “Inkstain” blog, June 2016.

Coverage of Senator Udall’s May and June 2016 chemicals policy reform events in which I participated in several outlets including: The Albuquerque Journal, KOB local news, Los Alamos Daily Post, Dakota Progressive, and several others.

Coverage of my peer-reviewed article “Challenges and Opportunities in  Stimulating Public Awareness and Engagement on US Chemicals Policy” in the Environmental Defense Fund’s internationally circulated blog in a post entitled “Making ‘Safer’ Accessible to All”, April 2016

Wide coverage of my Water & Energy in NM lecture series, from the Green Fire Times to Green Chambers of Commerce to Sierra Club Newsletters.

Coverage of our $5M NSF CREST grantin UNM News

Coverage of my Planning Sustainable Communities service learning course student project on bike share in the Daily Lobo, and the bike share program that our class research and community outreach contributed to as covered in the Albuquerque Journal